chinook


chinook
Canadian Slang
(Pronounced "shinook" in some areas) a warm dry wind blowing down the eastern slopes of the Rockies across Alberta and the prairies. Chinooks can cause temperature to rise by 20°F to 40°F within as short a time as 15 minutes.
Winter storm system that causes warm weather
a warm, dry wind experienced along the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada. Most common in winter and spring, a chinook wind can result in a rise in temperature of 20 C° (36 F°) in a quarter of an hour. In Alaska, the word is pronounced with an affricate ch instead of the fricative sh sound as used in Canada, and means an extremely wet, warm, constant southwesterly, which actually is the same weather pattern as the drying wind that it becomes when it hits Alberta. The use of the word to mean a wind is from the Chinook Jargon, "i.e., the wind from the direction of the country of the Chinooks" (the lower Columbia River), as transmitted to the Prairies by the francophone employees of the North West Company, hence the Frenchified pronunciation east of the Rockies. A Chinook in BC is also one of the five main varieties of salmon, and can also mean the Chinook Jargon, although this older usage is now very rare (as is the Jargon itself).

English dialects glossary. 2013.

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  • Chinook — (  /ʃɪˈn …   Wikipedia

  • CHINOOK — Indiens de la côte pacifique nord ouest de l’Amérique du Nord, les Chinook vivaient sur le cours inférieur de la rivière Columbia, depuis l’embouchure jusqu’à The Dalles, dans l’Oregon et autour de la baie de Willapa. Grâce à cette situation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chinook — [shə nook′, shəno͞ok′; chənook′, chə no͞ok′] n. pl. Chinooks or Chinook [< tsi núk, a Salish name for the Chinook tribe] 1. a member of a North American Indian people of the Columbia River valley and adjacent regions 2. either of two languages …   English World dictionary

  • Chinook — Chinook, MT U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 1386 Housing Units (2000): 732 Land area (2000): 0.514623 sq. miles (1.332868 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.514623 sq. miles (1.332868 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • chinook — s.n. Vânt cald şi uscat care coboară dinspre Munţii Stâncoşi spre preria nord americană. [pron. şi núc. / < engl. chinook < cuv. indian]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 08.12.2004. Sursa: DN  CHINOOK I NÚC/ s. n. vânt cald şi uscat care coboară… …   Dicționar Român

  • Chinook, MT — U.S. city in Montana Population (2000): 1386 Housing Units (2000): 732 Land area (2000): 0.514623 sq. miles (1.332868 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.514623 sq. miles (1.332868 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chinook, WA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 457 Housing Units (2000): 263 Land area (2000): 1.022784 sq. miles (2.648997 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.022784 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Chinook — name for a group of related native people in the Columbia River region of Washington and Oregon, from Salishan /ДЌinuk/, name of a village site. Name also extended to a type of salmon (1851) and warm spring wind. Chinook jargon was a mish mash of …   Etymology dictionary

  • Chinook — Chi*nook , n. 1. (Ethnol.) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called {Flathead Indians}. [1913 Webster] 2. A warm westerly wind from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chinook [1] — Chinook (spr. tschinúk), ein warmer, trockner westlicher Wind, der auf der Ostseite des Felsengebirges (besonders zwischen 50 und 55° nördl. Br.) auftritt und mehrere Tage dauern kann. Vor seinem Auftreten zeigt sich eine Bank von Kumuluswolken… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chinook [2] — Chinook (spr. tschinúk), Indianerstamm, s. Tschinuk …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon